17.04.15
The Theoretical Bases of Speech Activity Self-Control Development

 

N. V. Savinova

 

In the article the author focuses on two basic approaches of defining the essence of arbitrary activities, presents the literature analysis of the three main parts in the hearing control scheme, as well as on the assessment of self-control speech activity in children with speech development disorders for diagnostics and correction of speech abnormalities.

For diagnostics and correction of vocal violations, and also estimation of the state of vocal activity self-control for children with vocal development violations, extremely important is the factor conception, which underlies the defect of higher psychical functions and «Primary defect» concept presented in works of A. R. Luriya.

The author underlines that self-control reflects the inadequacy of utterance to the standards set, is a process of objection by which presently inadequate vocal acts are registered in children’s activity under the influence of vocal practice. Consequently, self-control is oriented on prevention of errors in children’s speech, and, at the same time, performs the function of self-regulation of correct speech. The initial self-esteem of preschool child comes forward as «specific self-control» and the final self-esteem, which is formed in the process of vocal activity correction, is its product.

Consequently, in order to provide an effective correctional-vocal work with the children of preschool age with broken normativeness of speech, it is necessary to carry out permanent comparing and comparison of the children’s unnormative speech to the standard, norms of speech; systematic and timely exposure of vocal errors made; correction of unnormative variants.

The author summarizes aforesaid and underlines that formation of all types of vocal self-control takes place only in the process of vocal activity and passes the stages of formation from external to internal self-control. However, it needs subsequent research of forming of vocal activity self-control skills for children with heavy allolalia.

 

Key words: self-control, self-regulation, the concept of a factor, «acceptor of action», reflex ring, hearing check, phonemic hearing.

 

Source:

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF PEOPLE WITH SPECIAL NEEDS / SCIENTIFIC WORK VOLUME № 10 (12). Kyiv, University «Ukraine», 2013.


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