17.04.15
Term Definition of Children with Development Defects Learning Process «Optimization»

 

 

S. D. Yakovlieva

 

The article describes how to optimize the learning activities for children with developmental disabilities.

In general, the optimization process consists of a set of optimal variants of each of its elements: objectives, content, active and passive, depending on the degree of occurrence in the student learning process, methods, techniques and forms. It requires a differentiated approach to learning activities.

Conscious attitude towards learning is formed through the efforts of the teacher that reveals the value of training, contributing to strengthening respectful attitude towards science and desire to learn new activities. This applies particularly to younger pupils, which are not formed the basis of motivation in learning activities.

Important role in improving the quality of education plays upbringing emotionally positive attitude towards learning. Only positive emotions of teaching staff may identify positive learning activities.

Optimizing the learning process is related to the development of the creative work of the teacher that takes time, stress and effort.

In primary school the creative thinking, must be developed which reveals more objectively reality. As were as proper organization of children normalized with their thoughtful activity and improved thoughtful operations.

Primary school age is different from other periods of child development formation of physiological processes that is why it is important in the study of children with normal mental and physical development.

In children with developmental disabilities, this issue is of particular note because by virtue of their physical or mental disabilities, they can not master the academic material that is offered to them, and then require additional effort from the teacher, counselor, family.

Optimizing cognitive activity involves complex effect on needs motivational, emotional and volitional and cognitive individual student to develop their interest, arbitrariness and skills training operations thinking.

An effective means to improve the organization of academic work is the educational system in shaping students rational skills training activities, which serves as a display model that includes targeted, meaningful, and effective operational components and consists of certain phases, each of which is aimed at achieving the ultimate level of skills.

 

Key words: educational activities, optimization of learning activities, children with disabilities mental and physical development.

 

Source:

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF PEOPLE WITH SPECIAL NEEDS / SCIENTIFIC WORK VOLUME № 10 (12). Kyiv, University «Ukraine», 2013.


back to list