17.04.15
Psychophysiological Ideas at Home Universities of the Second Part of the 19th Century

 

 

O. M. Bereshuk

 

The World «psychophysiology» received its official status only in the twentieth century, namely in 1982 at the International Congress of psychophisiologists. This event was preceded by lengthy processes of nucleation and formation of many scientific disciplines, which coevolutionary development led to the emergence in a global scientific space separate discipline known as psychophysiology.

Psychophysiological researches that occurred in Ukraine in the twentieth century have sufficient scientific value and are an integral part of world heritage physiology of mental phenomenon. However, at this time, the question of formation and development of national psychophysiology in Ukrainian historiography remains completely unexplored. The reconstruction of overall picture of forming this scientific field in Ukraine in the twentieth century, a historical and scientific analysis and synthesis of scientific results in Ukrainian psychophysiology, determining scientific priorities of national scientists and the main methodological principles of scientific researches in this field of knowledge that are the main tasks of the scientific problem. Given their solution will construct the integrated vision of development of national and world psychophysiological science.

The circle of historical and scientific tasks defined includes the question of psychophysiological ideas emerge in Ukraine in the second half of the XIX-th century. It is an important component in the system of prerequisites to form a national scientific psychophysiology. This issue development requires a thorough scientific studies mainly of interdisciplinary content due to the integrative nature of the essence of the discipline.

The main source of the pattern reconstructing of psychophysiological ideas’ originated in Ukraine in the second half of the nineteenth century are the data history of national physiology, medicine in area of mental disorders, and psychology, which in this period is based on the physiological foundation. Specifically within physiology, historical and analytical researches in the general context of the formation of psycho-physiological science advisable to take into account the development of the relevant ideas of national universities – the first Ukrainian centers of thorough theoretical and experimental physiological knowledge.

 

Key words: psychophysiology, physiology, history of science, mental processes, brain.

 

Source:

ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF EDUCATION AND TRAINING OF PEOPLE WITH SPECIAL NEEDS / SCIENTIFIC WORK VOLUME № 10 (12). Kyiv, University «Ukraine», 2013.


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