Actual problems 2014
07 July

The analysis of scientific literature and government documents gives reason to believe that the implementation of inclusive education system component in the UK is given some attention from the government and the teaching community. However, the effectiveness of such action is inhibited by the presence of certain social and educational reasons.

more>>
07 July

In the Czech Republic, there is no systematic state guaranteed care for young people leaving institutional care facilities which would support their integration into standard adult life. For adolescents, institutional life is highly structured, with secured material needs and a strong focus on completing compulsory education and on career orientation. Institutional care ends its role when its clients come of age and complete their education, and then it becomes their sole responsibility to organize their own lives. The future of clients with major difficulties (personal, social and health-related) is extremely complicated (unemployment, substance abuse, criminal behaviours, etc.).
Post-institutional life of young adults is an issue strongly accentuated by the National Strategy for Children's Rights Protection, whose objective is to reduce criminality, recidivism and other pathological behaviours.
The aims of the study included mapping and characterising various possibilities of follow-up care (support housing programmes – halfway houses,
boarding houses and starting houses); specification of possibilities available to young adults upon leaving an institutional care facility (follow-up care, family care, independent housing) and their status on the labour market; comparing data provided by respondents from institutional care facilities and from social service facilities.
The present study discusses research results obtained through structured interviews with staff and clients of selected Czech institutional care facilities – interviews with psychologists, social workers and ethopedists from different institutions.

more>>
07 July

The paper presents the analysis of the concept of corporate culture at various times and for different scientists. Particular attention is focused on the definition for a system of higher education.
The current period of active development of economy of most leading countries actualizes attention to rethinking the problem of corporate culture, especially its implementation in various fields ofsocial activity.
Analysis of the latest literature suggests that management in education (educational management) – a set of principles, methods , organizational forms and process management techniques of educational and teaching and learning processes aimed at improving the efficiency of such processes in the development of the educational market has been given below.
Teaching culture teacher of high school is a source of expression of its scientific and general erudition, pedagogical skills , culture of speech and communication, intellectual wealth , a manifestation of his artistic personality as a result of constant self-reflection and self-development .
In the studies it has been indicated that the formation of basic principles of corporate culture in education major concern for the moral factors, and code of ethics teacher should dictate senior management representatives of higher education forming a kind of dialogue about values, norms of interaction between employees and the organization, the principles of justice, respect for human dignity as the basic conditions for the formation of internal corporate identity.

more>>
07 July

This article is devoted to the problems of adaptation and adaptive abilities. We consider the types of adaptation: psychological, biological, social. The adaptation includes provisions to ensure human activity and survival in high stressor environment that is constantly changing.
In the educational process of students to such global conditions include two inter-related, but those that are very different period. First period - the first in a student's life examinations. Second period - Recovery of rhythmic training process conducted after the break.
Most authors rightly point out that the adaptation process applies to all levels of the body, from the molecular to the regulation of mental activity.
Study of adaptive human capabilities and their use can be considered one of the most promising ways to provide different types of psychophysiological activity, including activity in learning and motor activity.

more>>
07 July

The article is devoted to the study of teaching people with physical disabilities in Germany. Important law texts and printed publications of the federal agency are considered. It is laid an important list of addresses and phone numbers to appeal for help and advice, including the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Protection. The author proposed recommendations to improve the integration of disabled people in the public life of Ukraine.

more>>
07 July

The article investigates the possibilities of application of massage and breathing exercises to restore the functional status of persons with special needs.
The features massage and breathing exercises as a means of physical rehabilitation of people with special needs.
Functional condition is defined as the condition of the body and its systems, that is, it reflects the level of functioning of the organism as a whole or in its individual systems, and also serves as the adaptation to the conditions of existence.
Breathing exercises based on their importance and impact on the functional versatility of the human condition together under the generic term "breathing exercises", which includes various types of breathing exercises.
Massage has a positive effect on the various systems of humans and, importantly, purposefully alter their function , contributing to the return to a normal functional state as a whole. Massage as an effective method of functional therapy affects the normalization of the functions of the nervous system and the cardiovascular system and the restoration of functional status of persons with special needs.

more>>
07 July

The article investigates the possibility of using water and massage as a means of physical rehabilitation of sportsmen with special needs. The features massage and structured water as a means of physical rehabilitation of athletes with special needs.
The ability to recover during muscular activity is a natural feature of an organism, essentially determines the fitness of his. Therefore, the rate and nature of the recovery after the various functions of physical activity is one of the criteria for assessing the functional readiness of athletes.
Action rehabilitation procedures determined by the physical and structural properties of water. Reflexively, through the central nervous system of these stimuli cause a reaction on the part of all the organs and body systems. Treatments using structured water in the complex physical rehabilitation can be individually adjusted to each person such a procedure, which would it functionality and reactivity.
Sports massage — a type of massage that is applied in practice to improve physical capacity and restore the functional state of the athletes.

more>>
07 July

Article is devoted to the role of the famous historian, educator, cultural and public figure of the late XIX - early XX AS Sinyavsky – an expression of national interests and spiritual development of the Ukrainian people. Investigated individual stages of scientific activity AS Sinyavsky, especially in a historical,
educational, cultural and local studies areas are the factors shaping scientific views of the scientist, the scientist identified a pivotal position in relation to the national interest of the Ukrainian people.

more>>
07 July

Formation of national system of integrated, inclusive environment in education, employment and social services determines the need for modern concepts of normalization of life and social functioning of people with special needs in accordance with the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health – ICF.

more>>
07 July

This article discusses the physiology of respiration and cardiorespiratory functioning in children with cerebral palsy and way of its optimization. Interdependence of the cardiovascular and respiratory systems and their role in life of people with such neurological disorders, the influence and effectiveness of the proposed program is represented.

more>>
07 July

The disease of diabetes, its complications fighting and preventing disease is a serious medical and social problem the world level. An important task is to summarize the experience of the use of physical rehabilitation in the acquired type 2 diabetes. The aim of the study is to develop a program of physical rehabilitation for the treatment and prevention of complications of type 2 diabetes, which combines the tools of medical physical culture, therapeutic massage and physiotherapy.

more>>
07 July

The article describes such important component of a theoretical and methodological support of evaluation of innovative development of a general educational institution as a readiness of this for an evaluation of innovative development. The author determined the notion of «readiness of general educational institution for an evaluation of innovative development», allocated the structural components of the readiness, defined and substantiated this criteria, indicators and levels. The article determines and summarizes the methods of scientific and pedagogical research which can be used for a definition of level of readiness of institutions for the pointed activity. Criteria and levels of readiness can be useful in further researches, for an evaluation of innovative development of the organization of individual, for a preparation of teachers for implementation of it.

more>>
07 July

Lately a perceptible social request began to be recorded for psychological researches of people with disability, although a requirement herein existed a long ago is an amount of people that diagnosed that or other degree of disability numerous.

more>>
07 July

Creation of the effective system of medical rehabilitation which is in high demand in the modern post-industrialized society is impossible without special education of doctors-rehabilitators. Doctor-rehabilitator is not ‘a methodologist who follows the prescription of doctors of other specializations’ but methodologically independent specialist with the knowledge of theoretical and practical aspects of medical rehabilitation. Only doctor who knows physiological, ethiopathogenetic and sanogenetic mechanisms can and must develop and implement complex rehabilitation-preventive programs.

more>>
07 July

Training highly qualified specialists - is obviously the most important tasks of the process of training. This is especially true for those professionals who act professionally in the social sphere. However , the process of professional formation dates back long before the time when students begin work on a thesis project and are seriously working on finding a good job. Laid the foundations of professionalism in school , then there is accumulation of knowledge and begin to form newly professionally important qualities. So often in school or schools first level of certification among students and distinguished leaders, organizers, coordinators individual with strong qualities of future managers.

more>>
07 July

The process of socialization of the person in society starts in the family, which are the most important social Institute of formation and development of the individual because society places a responsibility on the parents in the upbringing of children.
Parenthood is a combination of components such as motivation, orientation in childparent space, parent competence, reflection, and is the object of study of a wide circle of specialists, both in our country and abroad.

more>>
07 July

The article is devoted the problems of psychophysiological mechanisms of stress. Any activity of man takes a place in constantly variable terms and exactly knowledge about the psychophysiological mechanisms of stress can foresee drawing on reserves of man in relation to providing effective a conduct in the conditions of enhanceable stress causing external environment.
For today we have vast psychophysiological information about influence of emotional stress on professional activity. The review of these publications testifies to their fundamental community. Basic sense of results of researches consists in that at the middle level of emotional stress of achievement of man in activity relatively high, and at emotional stress of low and high levels - can be worse and for results which are rotined in ordinary terms. Research of psychophysiological mechanisms of stress of man and use of the got knowledges can be counted one of the most perspective ways of the psychophysiological providing of different types of activity, including activity in studies and activity of motive.

more>>
07 July

The article discusses the basic principles of the competence approach in modern education, the stages of its development, the composition of motivational competence in the field of training, character signs of key competences.
One of the main scientific and methodological problems facing Russian institutions of higher education in connection with the transition to the standards of the third generation, which is based on the competence approach is the development of a national concept of competency-based training, content, typologies and levels themselves competence in the system of higher professional education. Many of the provisions of the competence-based education has not yet become the subject of practical pedagogy, the basis of Russian higher professional education. So today for the implementation of a competence approach must be based on international educational experience and consider the need to adapt to the
traditions and needs of Russia.
Shifting the content on the learning of the key competences, according to the author, corresponds to the traditional values of Russian education, orientation on the understanding of the scientific picture of the world. Higher education system should rely more on a student-centered, model of education, which forms the competence than just the transfer of knowledge and the formation of a certain set of skills.
The transition to the competence approach in higher education allows not just to strengthen the knowledge of the subjects and stimulate creative, creative their use tion that allows a student to be mobile in the educational environment of both the country and the world, and the University graduate to become a relevant and competitive in the labour market.

more>>
07 July

The following text aims to fulfil two purposes; the first purpose being to create a theoretical outline of aftercare. The second purpose comprises of presenting and comparing research regarding the explored subject. Most of the research presented in the paper was undertaken at the Institute of Special Education Studies at the Palacky University’s Faculty of Education. The results of three diploma theses supervised by the author of this text are also used.

more>>
07 July

The article exposes the structure of absolute law of man on a health care and exposes the value of concepts «Human right on a health care», «health» and health «protection».
Health is a natural boon element anthropic component of human nature, which is endowed by nature. That is, on the one hand, the state of health depends on the inherent characteristics of human nature, consisting at the time of birth, and on the other - is determined under the influence of social factors, genetic, environmental factors, and economic and political conditions that are in the state.
Address specific issues of the rights and freedoms belong to the domestic jurisdiction of states. Focusing on the integration of Ukraine into the European Union's accession to the Council of Europe and the ratification of a number of European conventions open for our country new opportunities to join the most progressive achievements of mankind, especially in the humanitarian field, but also put demands on Ukraine achieve a high level of security and protection of human rights and fulfillment of assumed obligations under international law. Thus international legal recognition of the human right to health has a direct impact on the nature of relations between society and individuals in the process of securing this right in any given state.
Analysis of international acts makes it possible to conclude that the structural elements of the human right to health care as a general social (natural) rights have the following options: standard of living, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, is adequate for the health; the prohibition of torture or cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment, in particular, shall be subjected without his free consent to medical or scientific experimentation; reducing stillbirth and infant mortality and healthy child development and improvement of all aspects of care of the environment and occupational health industry; prevention and treatment of epidemic, endemic, occupational and other diseases and their control; medical care; counseling and educational services; just and favorable, safe and healthy working conditions; maternity protection; protection of children and young people health care.

more>>