Actual problems 2008
26 May

Based on the situation of disabled youth in Poland and the Lower Silesia region of author's activities, a new concept of higher education linked with an intensive rehabilitation has been presented. The projects includes activities in two areas: (1) pre-study-period to deal with: identification of potential students, testing of their abilities, braking mental barriers to study and completing their education; (2) during-study-period to assure: medical and psychological care, physical rehabilitation in own and spa facilities, adequate learning tools, mobility on the campus, integrative student dormitory and others.

Expected timing of realization of the project has been also given.

more>>
26 May

Social environment is one of the most important factors for the societal acceptance and education of mentally disabled adults. The concept of social environment is rather multi-meaningful and in the aspect of work ability it is described as the interaction of institution, family of the disabled and community. Work abilities and possibilities of mentally disabled adults in the situation of market economics is still quite problematic link in the industrial and educational reality. 689 participants took part in research, aim of which was to set particularities of social attitudes on the work abilities of mentally disabled. To reveal the aim of the research the questionnaire was prepared and occasionally selected adults from 20 to 80 took part in this activity. We found out that in general societal attitude to the work possibilities of mentally disabled is rather positive, in opposite to the possibility for high-level work.

more>>
26 May

In this report we would like to present several current findings of research aimed at cooperation of family breeding handicapped child with special advisor working in early intervention.

more>>
26 May

Since the passage of the Education of all Handicapped Children Act in 1975 in the United States, university students with disabilities have attended regular universities. Accommodations have been provided to them which allowed them to more fairly compete with students without disabilities.

more>>
26 May

Finnish special education is basically a part of an ordinary educational system, which can be considered as a model of inclusive education. Which is in a close connection with social inclusion. The whole Finnish society is on a high level of social inclusion.

more>>
26 May

90`s of last century meant a big turnover in questions about tutoring and education of children with disability and threat of disability in Slovakia.

more>>
26 May

Southern Illinois University Edwardsville is located in the Midwest United States. It is a metropolitan university on a campus of approximately 2,660 acres with about 13,500 students. The university is young and just celebrated its fiftieth anniversary in 2007. One important value for the university is «excellence». This means that there is high quality student learning and continuous improvement and innovation. Two long term goals of the university include promoting «engaged students and capable graduates» and «innovative high quality programs».

more>>
26 May

The focus of this report is on the problems of immigrant children who have settled in the Czech Republic for an extended period of time or permanently. In addition, I have compiled information on best practices of programmes that have been evaluated throughout the country that have facilitated the successful adaptation and integration of this specific population into Czech society.

more>>
26 May

In Sweden the goal of the society is to include everybody with disabilities in mainstream schools. Students with physical handicaps are always integrated in ordinary classes. Some researchers suggest that being together with non-disabled peers might make the disabled student more aware of his physical impairment, but there are also signs indicating that there are psychological factors improving the disabled student’s self-concept in an integrated environment.

more>>
26 May

The State University of New York, College at Cortland has a long history of providing a comprehensive liberal arts education to citizens of New York State. Most of the students are enrolled in an Education certification program, with over fifty programs to choose from, spanning the age ranges of birth - second grade, first - sixth grade, fifth-ninth grade, and seventh - twelfth grade. The Education programs in total are the ninth largest in the United States. Master's degree programs are also offered on campus for teachers who are seeking a professional license to teach in a subject area. Our Education programs are nationally recognized through the National Council for Accreditation of Teacher Education (NCATE).

more>>
26 May

Developing an understanding of how other people think and that they may have thoughts, desires and beliefs different from one’s own (theory of mind) has clear functional benefits for the membership of any social group. Research on the theory of mind in children started in the early 1980s and today has become the most active field of research both developmental and clinical psychology. One can notice a growing interest in testing the understanding of children’s own and other people’s mental states by normally developed children as well as exceptional and sensory impaired children.

more>>
26 May

The shift in the paradigm of persons with specific needs care is occurring at the moment. The care system aims at the different dimensions of disability, it attempts to fulfil specific needs of the person in the social and also educative-formative area. The new perspective on care system sets a new objective — inclusion; a society where each person disregarding his/her special needs is its invaluable part. In connection with above described changes in the approach to persons with disability the new special education practice, corresponding with inclusive tendencies, assumes even greater importance than before. It consists particularly of therapeutic-formative methods which represent reliable means for achieving special education objectives. The expressive psychotherapies using art as the means to reach the education, remedial and integrative objectives are becoming more and more important among therapies. Most of them have already got theoretical basis due to which they can be considered an exact scientific discipline (e.g. art-therapy, music therapy, dance therapy, drama therapy).

more>>